Welcome to Crewture.

Which stands for Crew and Culture, and follows Crew supporter culture. Created around the Nordecke creation and used to follow the rise of the supporters section which is now 10 years old.

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Patrick Mullins bolsters Columbus Crew forward line.


With Wayne Rooney and Darren Mattocks now in the D.C. United forward line, United had limited appearance time left for Patrick Mullins.

As a result Columbus came in today with $150,000 targeted allocation money to acquire Patrick Mullins to hopefully improve their attacking options. 

In addition, Mullins will notice a few friendly faces in Columbus.

He'll join former Maryland college teammates Zack Steffen and Alex Crognale on the Columbus Crew.

Prior to this latest chapter commencing, Mullins had 13 goals for United in 44 appearances. 

In a heartfelt message, D.C. general manager Dave Kasper commented that trading Mullins "will provide us with assets and flexibility for future moves. We wish Mullins the best in Columbus and thank him for his service to the club."

Columbus has to be a bit more creative compared to about every other team as they're never bringing in a Wayne Rooney.

Therefore, improve where you can improve. 

For one, Mullins is a two time Hermann Trophy winner for best collegiate player. That doesn't just happen for being okay.

For two, Mullins 23 goals in 96 overall MLS appearances is good for about a goal every fourth appearance.

For three, sometimes he could pull off some gaga stuff. 



Whereas, the Crew's current second striker Adam Jahn's 12 in 103 is good for a goal every eighth or ninth appearance.

So a second option that may score in general would be nice. 

Further, for the most part, Gregg Berhalter has luck rehabilitating or putting strikers careers in extra boost mode in Columbus. 

"Patrick is a proven goalscorer who is dangerous inside the box and has a solid track record in MLS in his first five seasons," said Berhalter.

That track record may get even more solid under Berhalter.

Berhalter has three options for Mullins:

1.) Second striker, late substitute for Zardes. Boring

2.) Switch to two strikers to see if it bolsters what has been a weak attack. But we never change how we play even if it means we will never win anything.

3.) If Zardes is okay with it try him back on a wing and put Mullins up top as Mullins and Zardes on the field is better than Zardes with Argudo or Martinez. Could be onto something if Zardes believes he can score on the wing, be as useful there too. Good luck.

Monday, July 9, 2018

Was refereeing substandard and slanted in Columbus loss in LA?


The central referee for the Los Angeles Galaxy vs. Columbus Crew match was supposed to be Hilaro Grajeda. Link.

Image result for Hilario Grajeda

Instead the Columbus Crew on Saturday received 30 year old Joseph Dickerson making his debut at center ref.

Image result for Joseph Dickerson referee

In parts, the debut was a bit of a head scratcher.



Regardless, Columbus should've played better and put the game away well before LA's goal and the VAR overturn.

Columbus needs to pick four every day starters in defense and just go with them. 

Perhaps the same at other positions, as I think the by committee method is perhaps why Berhalter teams haven't broken through.

Should know your best eleven by this point in the MLS season.

But, at the very least Zlatan Ibrahimovic should've received a yellow on his retaliation hit on Lalas Abubukar.

And it just gets more questionable from there.

Easy to blame it all on the referee though. 

Columbus should be at a point in these games where they don't have to depend on referee calls and no calls. 



Thursday, July 5, 2018

GAME PREVIEW: Who can reach higher heights after their former Major League Soccer career club.



Columbus Crew (8-5-6) - 30 points- Fourth place in the East @ LA Galaxy (6-7-4) - 22 points- Eighth place in the West

For over five years, his entire pro career prior to coming to Columbus, Gyasi Zardes was a LA Galaxy player. For 1,857 days.

Zardes was signed by LA on December 20th, 2012 and left on January 20th, 2018.

In comparison, Ola Kamara's span with Columbus doesn't reach half of that.

Ola was black and gold from February 4th, 2016 to January 20th, 2018 or 716 days.

What I find particularly interesting are both strikers with and without Berhalter.

Related image
Ola Kamara: 34 goals in 59 games 

Image result for berhalter zardes
Gyasi Zardes: 11 goals in 19 games

And without 3G's magic touch...

Ola Kamara: 70 goals in 208 games

Gyasi Zardes: 34 goals in 131 games some at fullback. 

I think both strikers will have something to prove on Saturday.

For Ola, that he can do this at other places than Columbus. 

For Gyasi, that LA made a huge mistake in utilizing him. 

Crewture's projected Crew lineup:

Just let Federico stay home and rest on Saturday.

Especially if Sosa has a few more goals in him, see where that streak goes.

In general would keep the roster about the same, see if roster familarity for once can get some wins going again.


With Steffen out again lets hope Kempin gets motivated as well against his former team.

Would give Ketterer a chance or two but that's just me.

A win in LA on Saturday would convince me otherwise.

LA Galaxy projected lineup:

Ola Kamara is questionable with a calf injury.. 

Yet feel like Kamara will find a way to get on the field against his former club.

I think LA will shoot for a lineup somewhat like this.


It's funny that LA utilized Gyasi as a fullback and now utilizes Ola as a midfielder.

PREDICTION: 2-1 Columbus. Brace by Zardes, Ibrahimovic on the other end.


Friday, June 22, 2018

In any Columbus Crew locker room, Tyson Wahl's opinion is a very small one.



At the start of the season, former Crew players Alejandro Moreno, Gino Padula, Andy Greunebaum, Steven Lenhart, Jason Garey, Dante Washington, and Andy Iro came back to share pro-SaveTheCrew opinions.

So it was strange when a week ago one former Columbus Crew player went way off the wall. 


As center back Tyson Wahl now lives in Austin, Texas and apparently supports Precourt Sports Ventures moving the Columbus Crew to Austin and McKalla place.


“I have super fond memories of my time in Columbus. I had a great time there and I loved playing for that team. I really enjoyed my four years there. I think the [#SavetheCrew campaign] is the natural thing that a group of fans would do in this scenario. I follow the Crew closely. I support the team and those players…I wish them all good luck, as I do many players across the league.” 

Cool. 🙄
“Obviously, I’ve been following this season. I’ve been following the story the whole time. I know there would be a group of fans that wouldn’t be too happy to see that,” Wahl said, “I just think that Austin is a great city and MLS can do very well in this city. With other clubs around the country right now, like the Atlantas and the Orlandos, doing so well in their cities, the standard has really risen. Austin can have that type of support.”

On a short list of not the best Crew center backs, I guess Wahl wasn't too worried about keeping up his image in Columbus.

Nevertheless, one lackey aside when the #SaveTheCrew Battle For Columbus Documentary came out in Columbus to start the season several former Crew players were there sharing better opinions.
Made a following new video with #SaveTheCrew commentary from Gino Padula and Steven Lenhart.



Nearly all former Crew players thoughts from that night.

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

The Venezuelan Jhon Murillo back in as a Crew target?

Image result for Jhon Murillo

For the second Summer in a row it appears likely that the 22-year-old Venezuelan Jhon Murillo is again a Crew target. A Bola link and ZeroZero.pt link.

The Columbus Crew offered Benfica $2.5 million to $3.1 million for the striker/winger last July. LINK.

The first reports came across on July 5th, 2017 (LINK). Columbus wanted to buy Murillo outright whereas Benfica wanted to just put the talent on loan. 

The two clubs went back and forth most of July 2017 before Benfica loaned Murillo to Turkish Super Lig side Kasimpasa on July 29th, 2017. 

Benfica wanted more for a full on transfer. 

Murillo made 25 appearances and scored 5 goals for Kasimpasa since then but returns to Benfica still not a part of their plans.

Benfica still appears to want more. 

Murillo has a few other current possible suitors in Portuguese clubs Braga and Tondela. Murillo was on loan with Tondela prior to Kasimpasa yet neither Portuguese minnow (in comparison to Benfica) can likely offer the $3 million plus that Benfica requires.

Major League Soccer may step up to the plate this time. 

If Murillo turns out to be even half of what another Venezuelan, one Josef Martinez has been in this league it would be worthwhile.

Berhalter had his hat in the ring last Summer for Murillo and is still looking for the same position again; as despite having more winger options than striker options, Berhalter can never seem to have enough wingers. 

Appears Berhalter believes he needs a winger on the other side of Pedro Santos at either the Jhon Murillo or Przemysław Frankowski level compared to the Hansen, Martinez level.

Cannot hurt. 

Columbus's last game at home against Atlanta shows they are definitely not at the Major League Soccer mountain top yet.


Tuesday, June 12, 2018

GAME PREVIEW: Golden Boot showdown

Number 1 on the goal scoring chart Josef Martinez (13 tallies) goes up against number 2 on that list in Gyasi Zardes (10 tallies) this Wednesday

Atlanta United (9-3-3) - 30 points- First place in the East @ Columbus Crew (7-3-6) - 27 points- Third place in the East

The huge games for the Columbus Crew refuse to slow down as of late.

Columbus faces off against the first place team in the East, the first place team in the entire league in Atlanta United this Wednesday at home.

Columbus has nine games without a defeat but needs to stop another not as glimmering recent trend. 

Ties at home.

The trend started off swell enough as a 3-0 sure defeat turned into a 3-3 tie at home against Toronto FC.

However, the trend has been compacted by a 2-2 tie to Chicago that led to U.S. Open Cup elimination.

Then the trend became a bit tiresome against New York Red Bull.

That competition ended in a 1-1 tie, but was a game where a 3-0 or 4-0 lead for Columbus by the end of the first half would've been more deserving.

If Columbus could've finished some rather typical conversions in that game the Crew would've found themselves with an opportunity to take first place for themselves on Wednesday.



Nevertheless, if you overlook Atlanta's one game in hand, the Crew can still tie for first.

Perhaps more importantly Columbus can put some distance between themselves and the rest of the Eastern Conference.

Always with games in hand.

Crewture's projected Crew lineup:

What will help turn the tide for Columbus at home is the return of Zack Steffen.

In addition, the return of both Pedro Santos and Wil Trapp (even if Ricardo Clark is about a zero percent drop off in most respects) won't hurt.



Another lineup question to ponder is whether Eduardo Sosa plays a role again at some point?

Other than Crognale's goal, Sosa was the most vital substitute out of the three to turn a sure defeat into a tie against Toronto FC.

He looked good again against New York Red Bull:

Has been a huge bright spot as looks like Berhalter is onto something with Sosa compared to the Steindórsson's and Larsen's of the world. 

Atlanta United projected lineup:

Atlanta United trotted out the following lineup in a 1-1 tie at NYCFC the last game out:




Atlanta was fortunate as Brad Guzan had to make nine saves to give Atlanta United a point.

“Tough and unfair, I think it’s probably the first point we’ve taken without deserving it,” Tata Martino said. “New York was the better team in the second half. Up until Josef’s goal, the game was fairly even. But after that New York was the better team.”

Even without Zack Steffen this past week, overall Columbus has been better in comparison to Atlanta United as of late.

Grabbing twelve out of the last eighteen possible points compared to Atlanta's eight.


If Columbus make it fifteen out of twenty-one possible compared to Atlanta's eight out of twenty-one possible, Columbus puts themselves in a good place to eventually not just tie for first but take it for themselves.

PREDICTION: 2-0 Columbus. Both goals by Zardes.

The defense gets back to shutouts with Zack Steffen and helps get Zardes right behind Josef Martinez in the Golden Boot race.

Thursday, June 7, 2018

GAME PREVIEW: Columbus needs to get back on track before a new habit begins

Channel the Hejduk. Columbus needs to get back to three points at home against NYRB.

New York Red Bull (7-4-1) - 22 points- Fourth place in the East @ Columbus Crew (7-3-5) - 26 points- Third place in the East

Columbus Crew has a huge game this weekend at home on ESPN.

A win gives Columbus a possible seven point lead over the fourth, fifth, and sixth place teams in the East. 

Some cushion would be a good thing at the moment. 

In addition, Columbus needs to nip in the bud what happened in the last two games at home.

The comeback over Toronto F.C. was fun and entertaining.

Looking at the first 67 minutes could've ended up A LOT worse.

Nevertheless, it's still only a point at home.

Have to get back to winning as quickly as you can because the rest of the East will catch up.

Crewture's projected Crew lineup:

It's cute that Berhalter, Major League Soccer in general is cool with releasing players to national teams for friendlies.

Since it isn't apparently as serious as all those big European leagues.

Was cool to see our shutout streak go by the wayside in a big way in the 3-3 tie to Toronto FC.

Especially when Steffen didn't even play against Ireland.

Him and Trapp will be gone again this weekend to hopefully see the field in France.




Cristian Martinez is still suspended.

Jonathan Mensah and Pedro Santos are questionable with injuries.

New York Red Bull projected lineup:

New York Red Bulls last game out in Major League Soccer was a 2-1 defeat at New England.



If you wanted to complain about having Zack Steffen and Wil Trapp gone though look at who New York Red Bull has been without because of international friendly duty.

Just about half of their starting lineup. D - Fidel Escobar, D - Michael Murillo, D - Tim Parker, M - Tyler Adams, M - Kaku.  

Despite being a bit shorthanded NYRB had a much better U.S. Open Cup midweek showing then Columbus.

NYRB demolished rivals NYCFC 4-0 resultantly we'll see if that gets them in the mood here in Columbus.

Their expected lineup:
(4-2-3-1, right to left)
GK: Luis Robles — Connor Lade, Aaron Long, Aurelien Collin, Kemar Lawrence — Sean Davis, Marc Rzatkowski — Florian Valot, Vincent Bezecourt, Danny Royer — Bradley Wright-Phillips




PREDICTION: 3-2 Columbus. 

Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Romain Gall receives interest from SC Heerenveen, Reserves to play in U.S. Open Cup, McKalla Place battle begins

Gaven, Schelotto, Hejduk for 6/5: Columbus Crew most newsworthy or under the radar social media topics of interest for 6/5. 




Gaven..
Romain Gall receives interest from SC Heerenveen

With already one former Columbus Crew player in SC Heerenveen's roster in defender Nicolai Naess, SC Heerenveen could be after another former Crew player. Link.

SC Heerenveen is interested in attacker Romain Gall of the Swedish GIF Sundsvall, reports Fotbollskanalen. In the middle of May SC Heerenveen scouts were at the game between Sundsvall and IF Brommapojkarna to see the 23-year-old right-wing attacker at work.

There haven't been any other reports but SC Heerenveen would likely have to wait until July anyway to put in their transfer offer.



Schelotto..
Berhalter will trot out reserves in US Open Cup tomorrow

The three players that turned around last Saturday's game (Crognale, Sosa, and Argudo) will likely be starting the U.S. Open Cup tomorrow.

Which may not be a bad thing as Columbus didn't decide to play until the three came in. Although the change in the result was 50% that and 50% formation change.

And 50% Michael Bradley... 😅





Hejduk..
How about you just play in Columbus?



Or uh Sacramento... 😩

Don't give them ideas Twellman that I wouldn't be surprised if they never thought of.




Image of the day:

Monday, June 4, 2018

Frankowski transfer update, Other local clubs/fans pitch in on #SaveTheCrew effort, Precourt being Precourt

Gaven, Schelotto, Hejduk for 6/4: Columbus Crew most newsworthy or under the radar social media topics of interest for 6/4. 




Gaven..
Frankowski transfer update

A little bit of an update on the Frankowski to Major League Soccer with the Columbus Crew or Chicago Fire news.

Chicago/Columbus/MLS is willing to pay $1.7 million for Frankowski (link in Twitter article below). Jagiellonia Bialystok wants $2.5 million Euros though (nearly $3 million).

There is also interest as well in Turkey from Bursaspor and Galatasaray. Nevertheless, Frankowski will likely stay in Poland according to reports and go to Polish champions Legia Warsaw.


Frankowski was in the thirty-five man Polish preliminary World Cup squad but did not make the cut into the twenty-three man World Cup roster.



Schelotto..
Support from other local clubs and their fans

Both FC Cincinnati fans and the Columbus women's soccer team the Columbus Eagles doing real positive things for #SaveTheCrew.

Thank you!

Hejduk..
Precourt keeps on Precourting

Get on this Garber and save the league or to appeal to yourself save your own legacy.

It will be dented if this goes through, have no doubt about it.



Image of the day:



Berhalter on MLS Rewind looking as joyous as ever. 

I've watched a few episodes already. Features Alejandro Moreno and Taylor Twellman talking some real soccer.

A recap show like this has been missing for a very long time in MLS. Definitely recommend.

Sunday, June 3, 2018

Never Quit



66 minutes pass into a game and your down 3-0 at home. 

There were no quitters on that field last night in yellow. 

Similar to Liverpool in the 2005 Champions League Final,  Columbus made up a 3-0 deficit. 

But even goal number one, two, and three in Liverpool's comeback in 2005 arrived before Columbus's first in the 67th minute last night.

I felt like last night's contest symbolically, from beginning to end, could be linked inextricably to the #SaveTheCrew effort. 

The first 67 minutes are us in a nutshell. 

There is usually little to no hope when a rich owner decides it is time to pack up and leave a town.

Ask the Cleveland Browns, Seattle Supersonics, and Oakland Raiders. 

Similarly, there is little to no hope when your down 3-0 in soccer with 25 minutes left.

But Columbus never quits. 

Fans started #SaveTheCrew.

Those fans have pro golfers wearing #SaveTheCrew hats. 

Those fans invaded the College Gameday crowd.

They'll try anything until the right person notices, listens. 

Apparently Gregg Berhalter will try anything as well.


In the 63rd minute he subbed in Eduardo Sosa for his first MLS regular season minutes, Alex Crognale for his second time for more than a few minutes at the end of a game, and Luis Argudo.

3-0 down turned into a 3-3 final. 

Eduardo Sosa played phenomenally well I thought. His performance was getting the opportunity and capitalizing. 

Alex Crognale additionally says "hey don't forget about me" and grabbed the second goal. 

"It means a ton. I’ve been coming to this stadium for years, and to come and play in front of these fans every weekend is a blessing. All my family was here, so I’m just so proud to put on this jersey. That goal was for my family."

Eduardo Sosa on the three goal comeback:

"No, I’ve never been part of a game like this. It was pretty much a whole lot of offense at the end there and I’ve never been a part of something like that."

Michael Bradley had a two minute diatribe about our atmosphere being way behind everyone else last year. Oddly it was after a sold out game in Columbus during the playoffs against Toronto. 

Not sure why he felt that was necessary? Or how us being so far behind could be considered true if you look around the rest of MLS?

Especially if you checked out a playoff game at Chicago, New York Red Bull, or Houston last year. 

In addition, Revolution, Union, Dynamo, Dallas, Minnesota games couldn't be confused with being at Borussia Dortmund or something? And last time I checked those teams didn't have an owner putting over $2 million dollars into marketing another team that doesn't exist this year.

So yeah were getting closer to being there this 2018 season but hey thanks Michael Bradley for helping peak the atmosphere so far this year.



Bradley was responsible for all three goals last night. 

And the fans were truly right there with the team, willing on the team until the end.

As even a 60% packed Mapfre can bring it if there in it. No atmosphere? Okay, if you say so. 😏 I've seen less passionate crowds at completely sold out MLS games.

After our first goal, we were dominating so thoroughly that I had oddly little doubt we would come back and get something from this game.

Sometimes you just know. We have to feel the same way about our eventual success on keeping our team here.

Friday, June 1, 2018

GAME PREVIEW: Despite a very different Columbus starting eleven, Toronto's injuries give Columbus chance to keep shutout streak going

Image result for Frankie Hejduk Trillium Cup
Columbus Crew looks for more fun this weekend at home against Toronto F.C.

Toronto F.C. (3-7-1) - 10 points- Ninth place in the East @ Columbus Crew (7-3-4) - 25 points- Second place in the East

Columbus Crew plays Asshole F.C. again.



"On one hand the national team should forget about you guys and just go with the youth movement. Same on the other hand."

Would be a lot more mature of a team and dare I say better.

Perhaps if they could stop with the snarky commentator-ship on Columbus Crew they could remember how to win some games?

At least their manager Greg Vanney can say something nice.

“This year they've gotten a little more practical,” Vanney said of Columbus. “At times, they'll just play Gyasi over distance, behind. If the opposition is pressing, they'll play direct, which has led to them conceding less chances and goals. They've become a stingier team.”

For Columbus there 495 minute shutout streak reaches a real challenge as Zack Steffen, who has been 50% of it with his saves and friend the goal post voodoo, is on national team duty with the United States at Ireland Saturday.

Captain Wil Trapp is additionally gone with the United States; but when Ricardo Clark plays this year Columbus is 4-0-1 so perhaps we could be alright there?

Crewture's projected Crew lineup:

A lot of changes this week for the Columbus Crew. 

If you haven't heard Wil Trapp and Zack Steffen are away on national team duty with the United States at Ireland and France.

So, Ricardo Clark comes in for Wil Trapp and Jon Kempin comes in for Zack Steffen.

Then when someone else in Major League Soccer ref headquarters saw Martinez's clear slap on Sinovic a suspension wasn't far away on the horizon. 

As the refereeing world turns I'm not sure if Federico's red card will get rescinded or should? As should've been a debatable yellow at best but studs up puts yourself in that situation so.

I guess Columbus could give one of their off-season signings, Eduardo Sosa, who disappeared off the map completely a random first start. But, in a move that makes about zero sense since he usually plays right or left back will likely be Hector Jimenez.




I'm also interested to see how Gaston Sauro is included in the next few games; as a three man center back rotation turns into four. 

Toronto F.C. projected lineup:

Their last game,




Neither Altidore or Bradley were included in the United States roster that changed before the Ireland, France games.

However, Altidore is out with a foot problem. Drew Moor is also out of the question. So is new signing Aketxe. Further, Nicolas Hasler and Justin Morrow are questionable. So, Toronto faces a similar unusual starting eleven.

One that even includes Michael Bradley at center back which makes me smile.

Projected starting lineup on MLSsoccer.com

Projected Starting XI
(3-5-2, right to left)
GK: Alex Bono — Greg van der Wiel, Michael Bradley, Nick Hagglund — Auro, Jonathan Osorio, Liam Fraser, Victor Vazquez, Ryan Telfer — Donovan Ricketts, Sebastian Giovinco


Yuck.

Because of that.

PREDICTION: Even without Trapp, Steffen and possibly Higuain. Columbus 3-0. Zardes X 2, Grella.

Thursday, May 31, 2018

Moreno hits it on the head, 775,000 followers saw this today, MLS needs to tap into more leagues like Poland's

Gaven, Schelotto, Hejduk for 5/31: Columbus Crew most newsworthy or under the radar social media topics of interest for 5/31. 




Gaven..
Alejandro Moreno hits it on the head

A lot of American soccer fans may have been wondering what Columbus fans really think about the FC Cincinnati news.

Moreno got it about 100% percent.




ESPN FC is one of the only soccer talk outlets in the United States on television. Rather great we have a former player that can speak up on there.

Schelotto..
775,000 followers saw this tweet today


Not bad for a fan run movement. Has been even better today and tomorrow as Dufner is paired with Tiger Woods.

Hejduk..
Major League Soccer needs to tap into more leagues like Poland

Apparently the Columbus Crew and the Chicago Fire are after a 23 year old Polish midfielder who could be headed to the World Cup in Przemyslaw Frankowski.

I say finally.



More of that.

The Polish Ekstraklasa has a lot of players similar to what Major League Soccer is tapping into in South America currently.

Think a lot of Milton Venezuela's. 

A lot of Polish players could see Major League Soccer as a good next step before making their big move. 

Nobody wants to do a Bartosz Kaputska there. The 21 year old went to Leicester City after Euro 2016 at 19 and rarely played, disappeared from the national team as a result.

Major League Soccer could be a good first post-Ekstraklasa move.
 
Image of the day:



More like (Shit) Image of the day.

Hey make all the renderings your heart desires Anthony Precourt it is not going to happen.

Columbus Crew after Polish winger


The Columbus Crew and the Chicago Fire are both showing serious interest for 23 year old Polish winger Przemyslaw Frankowski. Link.

With a large Polish population Chicago is not much a surprise. 

Chicago has already been after Polish National Team stalwart Jakub Blaszczykowski in recent history. Blaszczykowski likely opted correctly to stay in the Bundesliga before the World Cup with Wolfsburg. 

Columbus could use Frankowski more for his ability.

Berhalter more so likely wants to solidify the other side of the wing across from Pedro Santos. 

Instead of the position being up for grabs game by game between Martinez, Hansen, and whoever else.

Frankowski would certainly do that.




The Polish winger in addition is in the running to be involved in the World Cup for Poland. He is in the provisional 35 man roster training currently in Poland. 

Image: laczynaspilka.pl

However with Grosicki, Blaszczykowski, Zielinski, Linetty, and perhaps others ahead of him in the midfield may be a tough ask to break into the 23 man squad this time.

Frankowski nevertheless could squeeze in as the 5th or 6th midfield option depending on how manager Adam Nawalka feels about Krychowiak, Rybus, Peszko, etc.